2015

2015

ABOUT MOROCCO



Demarcations :
The country is delimited by the Atlantic Ocean on the West, by the Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea in the North, by Algeria in the East, and in the South by Mauritania.

Climate :
The Moroccan climate is at the same time Mediterranean and Atlantic, with a dry season and warm doubled by a cold and wet season, the end of warm period being marked by the rains of October. The presence of the sea eases the temperature differences, moderates the seasons and increases the humidity of the air (400 in 1000 mm of rains on the coast). In the inside, the climate varies according to the height. Summers are warm and dry, especially when blows the ardent sirocco or the chergui -summer wind coming from Sahara-. In this season, the average temperatures are of 30°C in 35°C. The winters are cold and rainy with frost and snow. The average temperature evolves then of-2°C in 14°C and it can get very cold and here we are talking about -26°C In the mountainous regions, the precipitation are very important (More than 2000 mm of precipitation in Rif or 1800 mm in the Middle Atlas). Pre-Saharan and Saharan Morocco has a dry desert climate.


Demography :
Morocco counts approximately 31 million inhabitants. The country knew throughout the XXth century a strong population growth which multiplied by 6 since 1912. During the same period city-dwellers proportion increased constantly reaching 55 % in 2005: the country counts around thirty cities of more than 100 000 inhabitants today.


Religion :
The most represented religion is the Islam, which includes 98,7 % of the believers. The Islam is the official religion, but the coexistence with the other religions is effective (the practice of the other revealed religions is moreover guaranteed by the constitution). during each day muslims are olbliged to pray 5 times. The religious life is accorded to the Muslim calendar, It begins in 622, the year when the prophet of the Islam Mohamed left Mecca to settle down in Medina where he had a had many more followers. The hégirienne year, lunar year, consists of 12 months, but is shorter than the solar year. The month of Ramadan and the big religious feasts vary compared with the Gregorian calendar. The civil life is governed by the Gregorian calendar. Unlike other Muslims countries, the weekend consists of Saturday and of Sunday. Friday is not holiday but administrations and public services stretch out their lunch break to allow the believers to go to the prayer.


Language :
The official languages of Morocco are the written Arabic, and the amazighe or the Berber; the Arabic dialect of Morocco is the darija or Arabic Moroccan, mother tongue of the arabic-speaking Moroccans (approximately 60 % of the population), usually spoken in the street and the everyday life and practised also by berbérophones in their great majority. Approximately 40 % of the population speaks the amazighe or Berber language. In Morocco, Berber have three dialects , the rifain in the North, the chleuh in the South and the tamazight of central Morocco in the center of the country. French, although it is not official language, stays the business language of many Moroccan ministries and is the unofficial language of domains as the economy, the scientific and technical higher education. It is taught in primary schools, middle schools and high schools, in all the universities and in the colleges. Spanish remains practised in the North of the country and in Sahara, because of the former Spanish occupation. The number of English speakers in Morocco is still low today, but the English learning is more and more privileged by the young Moroccans besides Italian and besides German.


Culture :
Even if the great majority of the population are Moslem, Morocco is a multicultural country due to its contact in particular with the Phoenician, Romans, the Byzantine, the Vandals, the Arabs, the French people and the Spaniards. The traditional Moroccan kitchen is extremely rich and varied, it has a good place in the international ranking. The couscous and the meat stew, very known are considered as ordinary traditional dishes in the country. They are prepared with mutton or fish and of varied vegetables. During the holidays, we eat the other more refined and typically Moroccan dishes: the pastilla, meat stew, tajines of meat with the honey, the lamb barbecue… The music in Morocco is very diversified and consists of four big groups or music families: the Berber music, the African music, the international music, the music hassanie regions of the South and the Arabic music. The clothing is different from a region to another one and from a generation to another , the majority of the married women wear veils and jellabas on the other hand the girls do not wear veils and put jeans and T-shirt but certainly in a preservative way knowing that people feel embarrassed when they see a woman who wears very short clothes.


Transport :
the lamb barbecue… The music in Morocco is very diversified and consists of four big groups or music families: the Berber music, the African music, the international music, the music hassanie regions of the South and the Arabic music. The clothing is different from a region in the other one and from an age bracket to the other one, the majority of the married women wear veils and jellabas on the other hand the girls do not carry veils and put jeans and T-shirt but certainly in a preservative way knowing that the people feel embarrassed when they see a woman who wears clothing short one.


Transport :
Morocco arranges various companies and means of transport which propose several journeys between the Moroccan cities, among the most organized there is a CTM, SUPRATOURS, STCR who offers good quality services and comfort. Bus stations propose destinations at variable price. Railroad » ONCF » connects big cities. For the aerial the national company the RAM insures weekly regional flights. There is also a traffic inter-cities and rural insured by minibus and big taxi, this last one can transport 6 persons, small taxi urban who insure the interurban movement.